Undocumented Migrants: Harsh Living, Working Conditions An estimated 690,000 undocumented migrants live in Italy. An Ethiopian migrant who became a symbol of integration in Italy by building a thriving cheese business in the Alpine countryside has been killed on her farm, police said.. A … I have always worked. Even though the procedure required employers to pay the €500 ($608) application fee, 8 out of 18 workers interviewed said their employers insisted the workers had to pay the fee themselves. Italy should affirm its commitment to respecting the rights of all migrants by ratifying the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and signing the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. And doing it for real, because expulsion orders are not enough: those who dont have the right to stay must return to their home countries. According to official Interior Ministry data, 207,542 people applied under the employer sponsorship system, 85 percent for home care workers and only 15 percent for the agricultural sector. Overall, 220,000 people applied under the program, just under a third of the estimated 690,000 undocumented migrants in Italy. UK illegal immigration news with EU migrant crisis updates, Syrian refugee pictures and updates, plus stories from Germany and on Trump's immigration ban. In April, the UN special rapporteurs on the rights of migrants and on trafficking in persons urged states to “take steps towards the regularization of undocumented migrants whenever necessary, in view of facilitating their access to health services during the fight against the pandemic.” In June, the UN secretary-general issued guidelines on Covid-19 and people on the move, calling on governments around the world to explore “various models of regularization pathways” in the spirit of an inclusive public health approach and in recognition of the “important contribution made by people on the move to our societies during this crisis.”  Workers whose employers withdraw from the process or who are the victim of a scam should not be penalized, and their applications should be processed. In mid-November, the Interior Ministry issued another circular stipulating that the authorities will assess case-by-case, apparently with broad discretion, whether to give an applicant a permit to seek employment if the employer formally rescinds the offer or simply fails to follow through. Employer Sponsorship The Global Migration Group, an inter-agency group of the United Nations, has called regularization “a key means of stopping exploitation of migrants in irregular situations.” For more information about the program and the findings, please see below. Up to 560,000 migrants live without papers in Italy, but only those working as … For example one shanty town near Foggia is home to 3,000 farm pickers - but there's no social distancing, hand sanitiser or masks. Caporali, or gangmasters, reportedly were asking for thousands of euros to facilitate contracts with employers. A third asylum seeker said he withdrew his claim to apply under the jobseeker pathway. Calls to regularize undocumented migrants intensified amid the Covid-19 pandemic. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. ROME -- Italy allowed a Spanish-flagged charity ship with 265 rescued migrants aboard to anchor off Sicily on Monday. The abolition in 2018 of the residency permit for humanitarian reasons (permesso umanitario) increased the ranks of the undocumented. Ibra, a 35-year-old from Senegal, was ineligible by just ten days: his humanitarian leave to remain expired on October 21. Italy will give 600,000 illegal migrants the right to stay in the country after the government said they proved essential by caring for the elderly and picking crops during the coronavirus crisis. “Italy could provide leadership within the EU if it learns the lessons from this regularization,” Sunderland said. They were proposed by the agricultural minister Teresa Bellanova. All names of workers have been changed to protect their privacy. The old San Ferdinando tent camp that hosts migrants used as workers in the fields across the Gioia Tauro plain | Photo: ANSA. He had been unable to renew it because of the 2018 abolition of the humanitarian permit. The program created two separate administrative pathways for undocumented migrants to regularize their status. For example, a July 2020 circular clarified that part-time work in either sector was sufficient to apply. Twice-weekly charter flights of up to 80 people who Italian authorities describe as illegal economic migrants resumed this week from Italy to Tunisia. Sanji, 21, from the Gambia, who works as a day laborer on farms, said he found someone willing to sponsor him as a domestic worker after his employers in the agricultural sector refused. Port officials in Porto Empedocle, Sicily, said rough seas Monday evening were for the time being […] ROME (AP) — Italy allowed a Spanish-flagged charity ship with 265 rescued migrants aboard to anchor off Sicily on Monday. A rescue boat carrying nearly 50 migrants has docked at the Italian island of Lampedusa. “I didn’t do the regularization because my boss refused to take responsibility,” Lemar said. In 2020, 34.1 thousand migrants arrivals on the Italian coasts. Mara Di Lullo, deputy head of the Interior Ministry’s immigration department, said there was little the authorities could do: We don’t have any means to control who pays. The Pope also seemed to back the message yesterday when he condemned the 'harsh exploitation' of migrant farm workers in Italy. A few workers told Human Rights Watch that their employers also asked for exorbitant amounts of money in exchange for sponsorship, while all the workers who successfully applied said they had to pay the €500 ($608) application fee themselves. AAP December 18, 2012 11:43am. The Regularization Program Unique 'super-puff' planet discovered 212 light years away from Earth is as big as Jupiter but 10 TIMES lighter, The measure could be inserted into a temporary government decree with immediate effect but will be voted on in parliament after 60 days, according to. Because one of the key objectives was to address undeclared work in these sectors regardless of status, Italian and EU citizens were also eligible for this pathway. In a July 2020 circular, the Labor and Interior Ministries clarified that undocumented workers who were unable to conclude the labor contract and residency permit through no fault of their own – for example, if the employer dies or the agrobusiness fails – can conclude the contract with another employer. The narrow scope of the program arguably encouraged fraudulent applications and heightened the vulnerability of undocumented migrants to scams. “Without papers, you cannot rent a house here. News Open Arms ship with 256 migrants on board anchors off Italy The sea rescue organization saved hundreds of migrants hailing from Eritrea and Libya from the … Updated . An approach based on the willingness and active participation of the employer carries with it the risk of heightening the vulnerability of undocumented workers to exploitation and abuse. Moussa, 28, from Senegal, who has lived in Italy since 2014, said he asked his employer immediately, but was refused: “If I had papers, my life would be better. Omar, from Senegal, said he paid not only the fee but also paid €250 ($304) to his employer’s wife for doing the paperwork. “It would take me until tomorrow to tell you all that I will not have if I become undocumented,” he said. While Human Rights Watch did not interview anyone who said they had paid for a fictitious contract, two people said they had “hired” someone as a domestic worker to allow them to regularize their status, without charging them. “But the tragic truth is that the effort was designed and rolled out in a way that excluded hundreds of thousands of people and didn’t even reach most of the farmworkers it was supposed to benefit.” In some cases, employers demanded much more money. Farm work has low pay, long hours, and difficult working conditions. “Italy was rightly praised for providing undocumented migrants a pathway to residency amid the pandemic,” said Judith Sunderland, associate Europe and Central Asia division director at Human Rights Watch. But flaws in the program’s design and implementation resulted in a missed opportunity to address myriad vulnerabilities of undocumented migrants, including widespread exploitation in Italy’s agricultural sector. 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