They lure hungry bees out of their hives in February or March. Use a garden fork to gently lift the bulbs out of the ground and then put them in your compost pile. There are 2 types of spring-flowering crocuses: Species varieties, (snow crocus or wild crocus), that are smaller and the first to bloom; and the more common Dutch crocus (hybrids of Crocus vernus) that have larger flowers and bloom a little later than the species varieties. Crocus bulbs will return each spring season after season, therefore, they could have a lot of options for friends. If the soil and climate conditions are ideal, they may re-bloom for several years. Trim your crocus plants for optimal health year after year. Crocus sativus Commonly called saffron crocus, Color: Lilac-purple petals with darker centers. This may mean not mowing the lawn for a few weeks if you have planted crocuses in turf. This large-flowered variety spreads and naturalizes easily and is a great companion for early-blooming daffodils. Water the area well after planting. Unless rainfall is adequate, water in the amount of ½ to 1 inch of rain per week. This blue and white crocus is an early bloomer and perfect for forcing indoors. The following bulbs are the easiest to force into bloom because they don't require a chilling period: Amaryllis: Blooms appear 6-8 weeks after planting. Many spring-blooming bulbs, including crocuses, daffodils, chionodoxa and scilla, return to bloom year after year. Plants that are forced, cannot be regrown or transplanted outside. For more information on planting bulbs, corms, or tubers, see Planting and Storing Bulbs. Our Website is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. Plant the bulbs outdoors in spring when the soil is warmer and workable. Add a layer of mulch over winter in the coldest zones and remove it in early spring. Crocuses can be dug up shortly after flowering and divided into smaller clusters to be replanted elsewhere or shared with friends. KEEPING PLANTS After flowering, either let the corms dry out in the pot and keep them until the next fall or out in the garden. ORIGIN Hybrids. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. By then, the plant is more established, and the flowering will likely be optimal. Take care not to overwater crocus or their corms will rot. They will not bloom again indoors. Apply a balanced fertilizer in early autumn if your spring is short and the days heat up fast; or, apply fertilizer after bulbs flower in late winter if your spring is long and temperate. However, mice, voles and squirrels may feed on corms by digging them up or burrowing underground to them. Removing the bulbs as well as the foliage will help minimize problems with fusarium, a common fungal disease that can affect flower bulbs. Pair with later-blooming Dutch crocuses for weeks of blooms. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Recommended weeks of chilling: 14-20. Your email address will not be published. Bulb care after blooming is finished. All petals should be removed from the blooming area after they have fallen. ... tulips, hyacinth, crocus … This perennial flower will grow back year after year and is a bulb flower, meaning the plant will sprout from a bulb as opposed to seed. Crocuses fade quickly once the weather gets hot. Can I force my bulbs to bloom every year? Get your spring-blooming crocuses in the ground after the weather... CROCUS CARE. This video shows you what you will need to do once your hyacinth has finished flowering. Find a Garden Center that carries Proven Winners plants & products. Crocuses will naturalize in an area and multiply. They bloom bright and early, bringing much needed color after a long winter. Although they’re not particularly fussy, they do require well-drained soil so the corms don’t rot. Water moderately during this time, but make sure the pot is draining well. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. Growing Crocus indoors is easy to do by forcing them to bloom for the holidays or at any time during the winter. Keep the soil evenly moist after flowering until the ground freezes and again in spring until they go dormant in summer. Tulips, for example, always look their best the first year after planting. Squirrels and other rodents will dig up the bulbs and eat them, and deer will graze on the early foliage. Once the bulbs begin to sprout, move the pot to a brighter location and provide warmer indoor temperatures, like that of at least 50 or 60 F. (10-16 C.). Animals can be a big problem with Crocus bulbs. Dry corns are offered for sale in late summer, and ready-planted pots are available from late fall onward. When groups get too large, they can be dug up and divided in summer when they are dormant. When do crocus bloom? Don't water in summer or when plants are dormant or they may rot. Perfect for perennial gardens, mixed borders, and rock gardens. RELATED: Growing and care tips for this early blooming spring flower, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. Photo by: Panther Media GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo. HEIGHT To 4in/10cm. Any flowers remaining on the plant should be cut off at the base of the stem when Bring them to their desired location at room temperature and they’ll bloom in about 4 weeks. Generally speaking, this will be September to October in northern zones, and October to November in southern zones. Even where bulbs have been naturalized in a lawn, leaves should not be cut until they turn yellow and whither naturally. If seed pods are allowed to remain, they will draw off the food needed to nourish your bulbs for next years growth. Each flower produces 3 red stigmas which are the source of the spice saffron. Copyright Tulips (Tulipa) The following varieties are recommended for forcing. ‘Snowstorm,’ with pure white globular flowers, is free-flowering and long-lasting. The leaves are striped green and white, and the cup-shaped flowers, which appear in winter and early spring, flowers can be white, yellow, bronze, purple, or multicolored. You can keep a potted paperwhite in the pot it came in with a little extra care. All Rights Reserved. Several blossoms will be produced by each corm. Crocuses sprout from corms, although the term crocus bulbs is often used as well. 3-8; they will typically not grow in hotter climates. If your garden is heavy clay soil … They have narrow, grass-like foliage. GROWING COLORFUL CROCUS FLOWERS CROCUS BASICS. Very early spring: Early spring bulbs like Snowdrops: Snowdrops, or Galanthus, are often the first … Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), while not the most widely grown fall-blooming crocus, is probably the most known.This is the plant that the spice saffron comes from. The crocuses will have a chance to use the extra nutrients to produce bigger carbohydrate stores. POTTING MIX Soil-based. Crocus bulbs grow best in dry soil, so don't water plants after they bloom. Crocus corms can be planted just about anywhere as long as they get full to partial sun and well-drained soil. After-Bloom Care for Bulbs Grown in Containers Spring-blooming bulbs growing in containers were either planted the previous fall or added as forced bulbs from nursery pots in spring. Daffodils ORIGIN Hybrids. A bulb garden of cold-hardy spring bulbs like tulips, daffodils, crocus, hyacinth and others can be planted in pots to bloom indoors in late winter. Arrange them in small groups of 9 to 10 per square foot, or in large drifts. POTTING MIX Soil-based. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Colchicum is grown for their hardiness and simple care needs, in fact, they barely need any care at all. Plants just won’t grow well if your soil is to compact. REPOTTING Plant several corms together in early fall; set them just below the surface of the potting mixture Corms must be ‘wintered’ for about 10 weeks and brought into a warm room only when the flower buds are visible. Corm clusters should be replanted at least 6 inches apart, a little farther than single corms. You really cannot go wrong with a companion for your flowering crocus bulbs. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Harvesting just after the flowers have opened on a dry morning is important. Read more on forcing indoor bulbs. Chilling Required. You can plant them in the lawn, but for proper crocus care, don’t cut the grass until their leaves turn yellow and disappear. Your email address will not be published. Exposure: Full sun to partial afternoon shade, Color: Pale blue outer petals, pearlescent inside with yellow throat. How to Care for Crocuses. Crocus are one of the first flowers to bloom each spring, with blossoms that often open when there is still snow on the ground. There are other autumn-blooming crocuses that belong to the lily family (Colchicum species), such as Colchicum autumnale. Let the foliage continue growing. The seedlings will take 3-4 years to bloom. Fortunately, we don't have to wait till spring to enjoy these glorious flowers. Most bloom late winter to early spring, depending on the variety; however, there are types that bloom in the fall. Crocus plants aren’t particularly susceptible to any insect or disease problems. Crocus tommasinianus varieties or "tommies" are said to be less tasty to squirrels. These small-but-mighty plants with their colorful blooms and sweet fragrance lure hungry bees out of their hives. Spring-Flowering Crocus Companion Plants. Fishtail Palm Plant(Caryota Mitis) Care – How to Take Care & Grow Fishtail Palm Plant, Lavender Plant (Lavandula) Care – How to Take Care & Grow Lavender Plant, Stonecrop, Sedum (Hylotelephium)Plant Care – How to Take Care & Grow Stonecrop, How To Propagate Succulents Cuttings – Best Way to Root Succulents, String Of Hearts Plant (Ceropegia woodii) Care – How to Take Care & Grow String Of Hearts Plant. Photo by: Garden World Images, Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. In addition, planting them where other plants will fill in and hide their foliage will help to prolong blooming and give the crocuses a chance to store energy for the next season. Crocuses are perennial flowers, and will return full and healthy without replanting at the beginning of the next crocus season. Photo by: Photowind / Shutterstock. Chill at 38 to 45°F in a dark location for 8 to 10 weeks. They’re good to go under deciduous trees, where they’ll get enough sunlight before most trees have fully leafed out. After crocus blooms, allow the foliage to remain in the garden or lawn until it turns completely yellow. To extend the bloom time, mix different species of crocuses in your garden. They will not bloom next year but they should still grow and bloom the following year. Both spring-flowering types belong to the family (Iridaceae), as does the fall-flowering saffron crocus (Crocus sativus) that the spice saffron is harvested from. Place corms 3 to 4 inches deep, about 3 inches apart and with their pointy ends up. 7 Crocuses don’t require any pruning, simply let the foliage die back after blooming and then remove it. It is better to mass crocuses of one variety in a shallow bowl rather than to mix them, because they tend to bloom at different times. Forced bulbs, depending on their variety and your climate, are used as annuals and … Pot them in mid-October in a shallow pan or pot, only about an inch deep and water well. The first year after planting, your Saffron Crocus won't produce its best bloom. It’s important to let it die back naturally, as it is storing food and energy for next season. Crocuses can be forced to bloom indoors over winter. var theDate=new Date() Remove the leaves as they yellow and dry. Cut off dried foliage and flowers once they start to wither each year. Genus Crocus are dwarf, deciduous perennials growing from a corm, with linear leaves usually with a silvery central stripe, and goblet-shaped, sometimes fragrant flowers in autumn or early spring Details C. sativus is an autumn-flowering corm. . This squirrel-resistant species is commonly called snow crocus because it’s often one of the first crocuses to bloom. Photo by: Chris Burrows /Alamy Stock Photo. The blooming crocus grows to just 2 to 4 inches tall, these blooms stand out against the bleak late-winter landscape. The crocus will produce leaves next … Color: Lilac-blue petals with white base and yellow throat. Tuck them in front of taller spring-blooming bulbs such as tulips, daffodils and hyacinths — layer the planting in height and bloom times. Tulips However, the foliage continues to grow a bit. Among the best for growing indoors is ‘Pickwick,’ which is pale silver-lilac with deep ‘Little Dorrit’, one of the larget all of the crocuses. Remember too, that weed killers will harm them, especially if you apply them while the crocus plant leaves are still green and actively growing. Get your spring-blooming crocuses in the ground after the weather cools down in the fall, but before the ground freezes. This pale yellow crocus is an early-spring bloomer and has grass-like foliage with silvery stripes. Plant a mix of early and late blooming varieties to extend the bloom time. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. PROPAGATION Remove small corms that may form around the parent bulb or sow seed. Color: Purple petals with pale white throat. If you are treating your spring bulbs as annuals, you should dig them up after they finish blooming. Their corms will rot and with their pointy ends up about 3 apart! Wait until the foliage to remain, they can be a big problem with crocus bulbs its best bloom will... Commonly called snow crocus or their corms will rot: the Basics | planting | crocus.! Coldest zones and Remove it in early spring display fragrant purple crocus, color: pale blue petals. Crocus plants aren ’ t plant in the amount of ½ to 1 inch of rain per week sure. The surface become dry to the touch before watering but let the surface so water won ’ t puddle in! 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